Email: corpling (--at--gmail)

Software Downloads

See also, CorpusLAB opposite.

Collocate 1.0 Download (Windows software for extracting collocations, n-grams, etc. Uses MI, log-likelihood and t-score measures.) Collocate 2.0 (Windows) available to individuals for $19 from here. Version 1.0 will extract collocations from a corpus in various ways. Version 2 will also show lexical bundles and p-frames; it will also give the concordance lines for a selected collocation.

MonoconcEsy Download (Free Windows concordancer for individual users).

MonoConc Pro - Windows software. Semester version. Expires after about 9 or 10 months. Individuals can purchase/download the regular version for $29 here.

ParaConc (Windows). A bilingual concordancer. Individuals can purchase/download the software for $39 here

WordSkew can be downloaded at WordSkew.com

Upcoming Trips and Conferences

I regularly travel in Asia and Europe. I am generally free from university teaching duties from July to December each year.

Staying in New Zealand at the moment

University of Malaya. Keynote. UM Corpus Linguistics Conference. 16 Jan, 2020

Courses and workshops -- 2018/2019


Malaysia Workshop: From data to language teaching materials. Jan 17, 2020
EnglandCorpus Linguistics Summer School, Lancaster University, 1 workshop. June 26, 2019
England Corpus Linguistics Summer School. Birmingham University, 3 workshop sessions. June 25-29, 2018
Thailand Bangkok (Chulalongkorn University) Corpus Linguistics course (45 hours) -- July 30 -- Aug 10, 2018
Japan Workshop at 4th Asia Pacific Corpus Linguistics Conference, Takamatsu, Kagawa, Sept 17-20, 2018
China University of Geosciences. Beijing. Corpus Linguistics course (18 hours) -- Oct 15-25. 2018
China Workshop. Jilin University. Changchun. -- Oct 30. 2018

Keynotes at Conferences (Selected)

"TBA." 5th Asia-Pacific Corpus Linguistics Conference. Shanghai, China. 2024

"Using corpus techniques in social media research." Malaysian Corpus Research Forum, 2022

Shape of the past. Shape of the future. Corpus Linguistics International Conference, University of Malaya. 2020

3rd International EAP Conference, Taiyuan, Shanxi, May 4-6, 2018

4th Asia Pacific Corpus Linguistics Conference, Takamatsu, Kagawa, Sept 17-20, 2018


Google Scholar Academia.edu


I am not a fan of eBooks, but the EPUB version of Writing with an AI Assistant is available here ($4.99) --eBook. (Don't buy it if you are taking a class from me; send me email.) More info

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Working with an AI Assistant Houston, Athelstan, 2023

Ten Lectures on Corpora and Cognitive Linguistics. (Distinguished Lectures in Cognitive Linguistics) 207pp. Brill. 2023

T. N. P. Le, M. M. Pham & M. Barlow The Academic Discourse of Mechanical Engineering (Studies in Corpus Linguistics 107) 314 pp. John Benjamins. 2023

A Situated Theory of Agreement. New York, Routledge. 2014

Burdine and Barlow. Business Phrasal Verbs. Houston, Athelstan. 2008

Barlow and Burdine. American Phrasal Verbs. Houston, Athelstan. 2006

Barlow and Ferguson (Eds) Agreement in Natural Language. Stanford, CSLI. 1988

Concordancing and Corpus Analysis with MP2.2, Houston, Athelstan, 2004

Barlow and Kemmer (Eds) Usage-Based Models of Language, Stanford, CSLI. 2000

ParaConc and Parallel Corpora in Contrastive and Translation Studies Houston, Athelstan. 2008

Working with Computers Palo Alto, Athelstan, 1987


Gong H & Barlow M. A corpus-based analysis of research article macrostructure patterns Journal of English for Academic Purposes 58:101-138. 2022

Ma S, Jin G, & Barlow M. Representational gestures correlated with meaning-associated aspects of L2 speech performance Gesture 20(3):376-416. 2021

Sequence and Word Frequency. Corpus Linguistic Studies, 7(2), 2020

The Individual and the Group from a Corpus Perspective. In The Corpus Linguistics Discourse: In honour of Wolfgang Teubert. Eds: Cermakova A, Mahlberg M . 163-184. 2018. John Benjamins, Amsterdam

WordSkew: Linking corpus data and discourse structure. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 21 (1), 104-114. 2016

Ordering of Elements in Learner Corpora. In Learner Corpus Studies in Asia and the World Kobe, Japan: Kobe University 127-136, 2014.

Individual Differences and Usage based Grammar. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 18,4, 2013.

Exemplar Theory and patterns of production. In A. Hardie, and R. Love (Eds.), 7th International Corpus Linguistics Conference. University of Lancaster, England: 26-28, 2013

Corpus Linguistics and Theoretical Linguistics. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 16,1, 2011.

Parallel texts and corpus-based contrastive analysis, In: Gómez González, M., Mackenzie, L. and González Alvarez, E. (eds.), Current Trends in Contrastive Linguistics: Functional and Cognitive Perspectives., Benjamins, 101-121.

Barlow, M., and Bowker, L. 2008. A comparative evaluation of bilingual concordancers and translation memory systems, In: Yuste Rodrigo, E. (ed.), Topics in Language Resources for Translation and Localisation., Benjamins, 1-22.


Projects under development


I aim to create some guides to academic writing, based on corpus data and the research literature. I am particularly interested in discipline-specific conventions.

For more info, go to the CorpusLAB website.

An optional activity in these guides involves searching different sections of research articles from a specific discipline. The corpora for this part are quite small, a few million words, but they allow access to some authentic data.

The corpora available so far via a simple concordance interface are:
Social Science
Arts & Humanities



Following some vague ideas in Barlow (2004) and more rigorous explorations in Matt O'Donnell and Ute Roemer (2010), I am developing software that tracks the distribution of words or phrases with respect to their position in sentences, paragraphs and texts. After a rather long hiatus, Wordskew is in the final stages of development. When complete, the software will be available free to individuals carrying out non-commercial research. The main idea is to link corpus data to the text. The screenshot below shows the frequency of I in different positions in an utterance: 1st word, 2nd, "Middle", penultimate, final.


Here is one video. More information and videos will be available at WordSkew.com

Text visualisation

Like many, I have been influenced by Tufte's books and although I have been interested in text visualisation for a while. I have not yet produced any software. Some ideas are, however, set out in a grant proposal.


Associate Professor, Applied Language Studies, University of Auckland

PhD Students

For enquiries about PhD Research, contact me at the University of Auckland using my university email.

Heng Gong Cross-sectional differences in metadiscourse usage between and within disciplines: A corpus-based study

Lynn Liu A Corpus-based Contrastive Study of Intertextuality in Reports of Health Crises in China

Mengdi Liu A corpus analysis of the use of non-finite clauses in Chinese EFL learners’ English

Van Vuong Nguyen: Metaphors in Vietnamese Economic Discourse

Previous PhD Students

Jianxin Wang Contrastive Connectors in English and Chinese: A Corpus-based Study. Completed 2011.

Vaclav Brezina : Epistemic Markers in University Advisory Sessions. Completed 2012. Currently a Professor at Lancaster University. Search ADVICe Corpus. Statistics in Corpus Linguistics

Sai Ma: Fictive Motion in Chinese. Completed 2016. Currently at Capital Normal University

Guangsa Jin: A Corpus-based Analysis of Moves in Academic Writing. Completed 2016. Currently at the University of International Business and Economics

Ye Jin: The Story of Shang. Completed 2019. Currently at North China Electric Power University, Beijing

Thi Ngoc Phuong Le: The Academic Discourse of Mechanical Engineering. Completed 2020.




CV-Regular CV

Teaching and research

My academic position is Associate Professor in the Dept of Applied Language Studies and Linguistics. I teach a course on Corpora and Applied Linguistics as part of the new MA in Applied Linguistics.

I am in New Zealand for the first half of each year. I live in Oneroa on Waiheke Island and take the ferry to and from the university.

I have been a member of the Challenge Panel associated with the ESRC Centre for Corpus Approaches to Social Science (CASS) at Lancaster University.

I am working with colleagues on the Asia Pacific Corpus Linguistics Association.